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Tuesday, October 11, 2016



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Instrumentation for flow measurements





Flowrate measurements are important in control of chemical processes. Having measured flowrates of gases, liquids or vapours it is possible to evaluate mass balance of the process. Flowrate is the quantity of a substance passed through the given cross-section area in the unit of time.

There are a volumetric flowrate and mass flowrate. The first is expressed in m3/s, m3/h, cm3/s, l/s etc., while the second - in kg/s, kg/h, g/s, etc. Usually the volumetric or mass flowrates are applied to liquids (since liquids are incompressible); the mass flowrate is applied to gases and vapours (they are compressible).

Flowrate measurement is not an easy problem, since many factors such as density, viscosity, ratio of phases, temperature, pressure, etc. of the stream have influence on the results of flowrate measurements. If calibration of the device for flowrate measurement was carried out at conditions different from those when it is used in practice, then we will get inaccurate flowrate data. We'll discuss in the coming posts operational principles of several instruments, which employ some of widely known methods for flowrate measurements commonly used in industrial environment.

Article Source:: Dr. Alexander Badalyan, University of South Australia

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Basics of Instrumentation & Control


To view more posts on BASICS : CLICK HERE

Pressure


To view more posts on PRESSURE : CLICK HERE

Flow


To view more posts on FLOW : CLICK HERE

Level


To view more posts on LEVEL : CLICK HERE

Temperature


To view more posts on TEMPERATURE : CLICK HERE
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