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Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Various control loops for stirred tank reactor, furnaces and distillation columns





1. Various control loops for continuous  stirred tank reactor
Figure: Control loop configuration for the CSTR.



Figure: Control loop configuration for the CSTR.




Figure: Control loop configuration for the CSTR.




Figure: Control loop configuration for the CSTR.






Figure: Control loop configuration for the CSTR.


2. Control of furnaces.


Figure: Control system with three single loops.


Figure: Cascade control system to regulate the temperature of a process stream leaving the furnace.


3. Control of distillation columns.


Figure: Distillation column with six single-loop control systems.




Figure: Distillation column with single-loop and cascade control systems.


Note: Click on the image to get an enlarged view.


Article Source:: Dr. Alexander Badalyan, University of South Australia

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Control loop configurations for chemical process variables





The different control loop configurations for different process variables are given below.Its just the simplest configurations used in control systems.


1. Level control.


Figure: On-off level control loop.

Figure. Control loops for continuous level control.
a - by the control of an inlet stream; b - by the control of an outlet stream;
c - cascade control loop.


Figure:  Level control in evaporator.


2. Pressure control


Figure: Pressure control loop for evaporating unit.
1, 2 - evaporating units; 3 - barometric condenser.






Figure: Pressure control in the distillation column.
1 - distillation column; 2 - reflux column; 3 - reflux tank;


3. Temperature control


Figure: Single loop control system for a stirred tank.




Figure: Single loop control system for heat exchanger.


Figure: Cascade control system for heat exchanger.


4. Flow control


Figure: Flow control by throttling the stream after the centrifugal pump.



Figure:  Flow control using by-pass pipe-line in the case of the piston pump.


5. pH control

Figure: pH control system.


6. Composition control


Figure: Feedback system for composition control.


Figure:Inferential system for composition control.


Note: Click on the image to get an enlarged view.


Article Source:: Dr. Alexander Badalyan, University of South Australia

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Basics of Instrumentation & Control


To view more posts on BASICS : CLICK HERE

Pressure


To view more posts on PRESSURE : CLICK HERE

Flow


To view more posts on FLOW : CLICK HERE

Level


To view more posts on LEVEL : CLICK HERE

Temperature


To view more posts on TEMPERATURE : CLICK HERE
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