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Saturday, December 17, 2011

Positive Displacement Flowmeter





The positive displacement flowmeter measures process fluid flow by precision-fitted rotors as flow measuring elements. Known and fixed volumes are displaced between the rotors. The rotation of the rotors are proportional to the volume of the fluid being displaced.

The number of rotations of the rotor is counted by an integral electronic pulse transmitter and converted to volume and flow rate.

The positive displacement rotor construction can be done in several ways:
•    Reciprocating piston meters are of single and multiple-piston types.
•    Oval-gear meters have two rotating, oval-shaped gears with synchronized, close fitting teeth. A fixed quantity of liquid passes through the meter for each revolution. Shaft rotation can be monitored to obtain specific flow rates.
•    Nutating disk meters have moveable disks mounted on a concentric sphere located in spherical side-walled chambers. The pressure of the liquid passing through the measuring chamber causes the disk to rock in a circulating path without rotating about its own axis. It is the only moving part in the measuring chamber.
•    Rotary vane meters consists of equally divided, rotating impellers, two or more compartments, inside the meter's housings. The impellers are in continuous contact with the casing. A fixed volume of liquid is swept to the meter's outlet from each compartment as the impeller rotates. The revolutions of the impeller are counted and registered in volumetric units.

The positive displacement flowmeter may be used for all relatively nonabrasive fluids such as heating oils, lubrication oils, polymer additives, animal and vegetable fat, printing ink, freon, and many more.
Accuracy may be up to 0.1% of full rate with a TurnDown of 70:1 or more.

Article Source: www.engineeringtoolbox.com


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